Ukuqoqwa kwegazi le-vacuum i-vacuum negative pressure iqoqo legazi, ukuvela kwenqwaba yemishini ezisebenzayo kanye nokuhlolwa kwezokwelapha kwanamuhla kwezidingo zokulondolozwa kwegazi, hhayi kuphela ubuchwepheshe bokuqoqa igazi oludingekayo, kepha nezidingo zokuqoqwa kwegazi le-vacuum, kuthiwani emhlabeni Ngabe imibala ehlukene yesigqoko imele?

1. I-cap ebomvu: ishubhu ejwayelekile le-serum;

2. I-Orange cap: ishubhu ye-serum esheshayo ne-coagulant kwi-tube yokuqoqa igazi ukusheshisa inqubo yokuhlangana. ;

3. Isembozo esibomvu segolide: i-glue yokuhlukanisa i-inert kanye ne-tube eqinile; i-glue yokuhlukaniswa kwe-inert kanye ne-ejenti ehlanganisiwe ifakwa kwi-tube yokuqoqa igazi;

I-4. cap cap eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka: I-Heparin anticoagulant tube, ene-heparin engezwe kushubhu lokuqoqa igazi;

5. Ukukhanya okuluhlaza okukhanyayo: Ishubhu yokuhlukanisa kwePlasma. I-Heparin lithium anticoagulant yengezwa ku-inert yokuhlukanisa irhubhu yerhubhu ukufezekisa injongo yokuhlukaniswa kwe-plasma okusheshayo;

6. I-caple eyinqaba: I-EDTA anticoagulant tube, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (i-EDTA, isisindo semolekyini 292) nosawoti wayo ama-amino polycarboxylic acid angadonsa ngempumelelo ama-calcium ion kumasampula egazi. I-calating calcium noma isuse indawo yokusabela ye-calcium izovimba futhi inqede inqubo yokuqina kwe-endo native noma exo native, ngaleyo ndlela kuvimbele amasampula egazi ekuqhekekeni.

7. I-cap eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ekhanyayo: ishubhu yokuhlolwa kwe-sodium citrate coagulation, i-sodium citrate idlala indima ye-anticoagulant ikakhulukazi ngokudubuleka nge-calcium ion kumasampula egazi.

8. Isembozo sekhanda elimnyama: ishubhu le-sodium citrate igazi sedimentation test. I-sodium citrate edingekayo ekuhlolweni kwegazi sedimentation ingu-3,2% (ilingana ne-0.109mol / L) kanti isilinganiso se-anticoagulant esegazini ngu-1: 4.

9. I-Grey cap: I-potassium oxalate / sodium fluoride, i-anticoagulant ebuthakathaka, isetshenziswa kakhulu ngokuhlanganiswa ne-potassium oxalate noma i-sodium iodate. Kuyisibambiso esihle sokunqunywa kwe-glucose yegazi, futhi ngeke sisetshenziselwe ukucacisa i-urea indlela ye-urease, noma ukunqunywa kwe-alkaline phosphatase ne-amylase.

Ngokuphathelene nokuhleleka kokuqoqwa kwegazi nokusatshalaliswa kwegazi kwamashubhu amaningi, uma usebenzisa ishubhu yokuhlola ingilazi: ishubhu lokuhlola isiko legazi, ishubhu ye-serum ngaphandle kwe-anticoagulant, isodium citrate anticoagulation test tube, okunye ukuhlolwa kwe-anticoagulant tube; Ukulandelana kwamashubhu wokuhlola epulasitiki: Amashubhu wokuhlola amasiko wegazi (ophuzi), amashubhu wokuhlolwa kwe-sodium citrate anticoagulant (eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka), amashubhu we-serum noma ngaphandle kwe-activator activag kwegazi noma ukuhlukaniswa kwejeli, ishubhu le-heparin elingena noma ngaphandle kwe-gel (eluhlaza okotshani), i-tube ye-anticoagulant tube (onsomi) ), amashubhu we-glucose decomposition inhibitor test amashubhu (grey).


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jun-12-2020